Mauritius is a sub-tropical volcanic island situated in the Indian Ocean, 2400 kilometres off the South East Coast of Africa and covers an area of 1,865 square kilometres. The population of the island is approximately 1.1 million comprised of people of Indian, African, Madagascan, European and Chinese origin. Due to its past history as a colony of both France and Britain, the population is largely bilingual in English and French. The official language is English but "Creole" is widely spoken on the island.
The Republic of Mauritius is a Westminster style democracy headed by an appointed President who is the Head of State and Commander in Chief. The sixty members of Parliament are elected every five years by popular vote. Parliament is the legislative authority in Mauritius and is headed by the Prime Minister who is the Head of Government.
Mauritius is one of the few countries with a hybrid legal system based on English and French law. The procedural law both in criminal and civil litigation is mainly English whilst the substantial law is mainly based on the French Napoleonic code. The Company Law is modelled on the English law. The highest court of appeal is the Privy Council in England.